Mobile Money Ecosystem in Somalia

Vulnerability Groups

The least vulnerable people are mostly urban, while vulnerable and the most vulnerable are mainly nomads, IDPs and rural populations.

Vulnerable people have comparatively lower literacy and education levels.

Vulnerable groups are more likely to rely on agriculture or pastoralism for a living.

Eating patterns vary greatly along the vulnerability lines, both in terms of quantity and quality. The vulnerable and most vulnerable are more likely to reduce their food intake due to hardship. Their food intake tends to be less varied, and they consume fewer vegetables, less fruit and less meat than their least vulnerable counterparts.

The vulnerable and most vulnerable are more likely to have adopted extreme coping strategies within the last month, with over two thirds of the most vulnerable having adopted an emergency coping strategy.

The living conditions of vulnerable and the most vulnerable are comparatively more precarious.

Average vulnerability index by vulnerability groups
Education levels and literacy by vulnerability groups
Income sources by vulnerability groups
Average number of days in a week that respondents, because of lack of food or money to buy food, had to rely on less preferred foods
Average number of days in a week that respondents, because of lack of food or money to buy food, had to rely on help from relatives
Average number of days in a week that respondents, because of lack of food or money to buy food, had to limit size of portions
Average number of days in a week that respondents, because of lack of food or money to buy food, had to limit consumption of adults in the household
Average number of days in a week that respondents, because of lack of food or money to buy food, had to limit the number of daily meals
Average number of days in a week with at least one portion of vegetables
Average number of days in a week with at least one portion of fruit
Average number of days in a week with at least one portion of meat
Whether respondent had to take extreme coping strategies within the last month
Living conditions - Housing
Living conditions - Source of drinking water
Living conditions - Toilet
Living conditions - Roof